So which is the “best” brand of shoes (e.g., Nike, Brooks, New Balance, etc.). However, there is no one best brand. There are three selection considerations when purchasing a running shoe to meet one’s biomechanical needs on the running shoe selection guide.
Consideration involves what foot type the runner has high arch (supination or under pronation), flat foot (over pronation), or neutral arch (pronation).
Pronation (neutral) shows a wear pattern of the shoe centralized to the ball of the foot and a small portion of the heel. It is the foot’s natural inward roll following the heel striking the ground. Neutral pronation helps absorb impact, relieving pressure on knees and joints. It is a normal feet and most efficient for runners.
Over pronation is identified as a condition in which the foot is prone to tipping over on the inside during the normal walking or running. This can place strain on the joints, muscles and tendons and lead to imbalances throughout the body even affecting the knees and back when walking or running. Over pronation is a common trait that affects the majority of runners, leaving them at risk of knee pain and injury. Over pronators need stability or motion control shoes.
Supination (under-pronation) often wear the outer edge of the shoe. It is an outward rolling of the foot resulting in insufficient impact reduction at landing. Runners who are supinate need shoes with plenty of cushioning and flexibility.
Types of Running Shoes
Neutral shoes: These are best for neutral runners or people who supinate (tent to roll outward). These shoes provide some shock absorption and some arch-side support.
Some super-cushioned shoes provide as much as 50% more cushioning than normal shoes for even greater shock absorption.
Stability shoes: Good for runners who has mild to moderate over pronation. They often include a firm to reinforce the arch side of each midsole, an area highly impacted by over pronation.
Motion control shoes: Best for runners who has moderate to severe over pronation, they offer features such as stiffer heels or a design built on straighter lasts to counter over pronation.
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